Top 3 Design System Structures

Design System Structure
Design System Structure

Many teams envision creating a design system as a difficult, time-consuming project. It forces team members to audit their user interface, create a repository of design system elements and design guidelines and combine it in a way it’s usable for the entire organization

It’s not the only way you structure a design system, though. There are some simpler methods of creating this toolkit that is meant to speed up the design process. Let’s explore the best approaches for arranging a design system structure that achieves these goals. 

Maximize the use of your design system in prototyping. Bring your design system’s building blocks to UXPin and design interactive prototypes that your devs can quickly translate to code. Discover UXPin Merge.

Reach a new level of prototyping

Design with interactive components coming from your team’s design system.

How Can You Structure a Design System? 

When you combine design elements with the relevant documentation and guidelines, the system should form a coherent repository of things that are important for building user interfaces for a brand. But to achieve optimal design efficiency and system effectiveness, first, you must arrange it into a discernible structure. One that best suits your team’s needs and your organizational design objectives. 

Let us review these three major structures used by design teams.

Simple visual design repository

This is the most basic of design system structures. As the NN Group explains, these visual design repositories come in various configurations, though the core focus here is simplicity.

At its fundamental level, a simple repository’s primary design system components consist of a style guide, a component library, and a pattern library. Together, these form the essentials for any functioning design system repository.  

color sample library

This structure only contains the essentials that constitute the system. It intends to provide the team members with what they need from the outset and allows them to create and add other assets and documentation as they go along. Shopify’s Polaris and Atlassian Design System use this type of design system structure.


  • The arrangement is simple to create and implement.
  • It encourages the design system team to tell the system’s basic structure from commencement.
  • And decisions are made on the move, fast-tracking development.


  • This arrangement lacks the structure provided by a strict hierarchy.
  • Teams tend to list the design system elements alphabetically or by their degree of importance, ignoring critical distinctions.
  • And it can be challenging to update and maintain this arrangement. 

Atomic design 

The atomic design structure was created by design systems advocate and author Brad Frost. It focuses on using order and a structured hierarchy to create an effective UI design system. 

The atomic design methodology approaches design system structure by separating the process into five stages. The first three are modeled around the chemistry world, with the subsequent two relating to aspects of the world we can see. We explored atomic design system and its components in a separate article, but let’s recap the most important information here.

design system atomic library components

Each stage uses the previous one as its foundation. Every level consists of aggregated items from the preceding one. Like atoms constitute a molecule and molecules form an organism, this structure considers the smallest elemental components before moving on to the larger ones.

  • Atoms – These represent the most basic components of the design system.
  • Molecules – When those ‘atomic-level’ individual elements combine into groups, you’ll start to see bigger elements, coming together like lego pieces.
  • Organisms – By developing combinations of elemental design components into molecular groupings, organisms emerge. These form more complex design system UI components.
  • Templates – The next stage departs the realm of chemistry and heads into a more ‘macro’ world. Templates are where organisms can be curated and compiled into a cohesive, recognizable design.
  • Pages – Once you take a template and customize it, you have a page. By replacing the placeholder content in templates with tailored design content, you obtain the final, tangible product of the design system. Pages may not need to be designed for each and every case, but ensuring that there exist a few variations is a good idea.


  • Atomic design structure makes use of reusable components. Teams can divide various elements into basic atoms. These can then be applied and reapplied in different combinations and configurations.
  • Teams can easily spot those parts of a website or app that need various elemental components and create molecules and organisms accordingly. 
  • This arrangement enables designers to use a design language that clearly defines a separation between content and structure. 
  • This helps them be more creative and come up with different variants of the same components.


  • An atomic design structure can result in long, complex lists of components. 
  • In some instances, having only a few components means maintaining multiple categories for them is pointless. This can complicate the overall methodology.  

Code-based design system structure

This approach is among the most potent and effective for designing system structures. It is ideally suited for design teams working on digital product and new functionalities. Think about Material Design or Fluent UI design system.

design system components

This structure enables you to develop prototypes that look and behave just like the developer-built final product. This arrangement allows for more collaboration between designers and developers. The whole product team can count on a single source of truth informing their efforts. 

The code-based design system arrangement is considered a relatively new approach in digital product system design. With it, designers can now employ functioning, developer-approved coded UI elements to scale digital product design.


  • The structure improves designer-developer cooperation. 
  • It helps teams track changes in UI elements more effectively. 
  • It improves overall efficiency from prototyping through to design handoff. 


  • Designers need tools like UXPin with Merge tech to benefit from code-based design system.
  • Components can take lots of time to create.
  • Designers may require developer assistance to develop the system.

How Do You Choose the Right Design System Structure? 

Deciding on the right design system structure is essential to giving your team the framework they need to design more efficiently. A design system structure aligned with your product design objectives will help designers collaborate better. This assists them in producing the digital products they’re capable of. 

To ensure you’re picking a design system structure that aligns with your product team’s needs, ask yourself:

  • For whom is your design system being optimized? Is it for everybody across the organization, user experience designers, or, say, front-end developers only? 
  • How many components and content types – from design patterns, coded UI components, and design guidelines to rollout plans and best practice policies – are you looking to integrate into the system? 
  • At what stage of maturity is your design system currently at?

Effective design systems are dynamic entities capable of adapting to the challenges that come with growth and change. A design system’s inherent value lies in its ability to reduce the duplication of effort and facilitated collaboration

Why UXPin Prefers a Code-Based Design System structure?

Using coded components in a design system enables sharing among design and developer teams. This allows them to rely on a single source of truth and to collaborate more effectively.

code design developer

Teams across the organization can also manage all their design and prototyping projects simultaneously. This maintains a higher degree of consistency. In turn, developers can get stuck into translating design patterns into developer’s language.

UXPin Merge uses a code-based design system structure to design prototypes with a single source of truth. With it, designers can create prototypes for digital products that are consistent with developer’s workflow. Discover UXPin’s code-to-design solution.

Use a single source of truth for design and development. Discover Merge

by UXPin on 23rd March, 2023

UXPin is a web-based design collaboration tool. We’re pleased to share our knowledge here.

Still hungry for the design?

UXPin is a product design platform used by the best designers on the planet. Let your team easily design, collaborate, and present from low-fidelity wireframes to fully-interactive prototypes.

Start your free trial

These e-Books might interest you